Burton Caine, Professor of Law, teaches courses in Constitutional Law, First Amendment, Political and Civil Rights, and Antitrust. He received his B.A. in English from the University of Pennsylvania, Phi Beta Kappa, and his J.D. from Harvard law School, where he was on the Board of Directors of the Harvard Legal Aid Bureau, an honor society.
Professor Caine was a member of the Judge Advocate General Corps, United States Air Force, inter alia, defending rights of African-Americans in Georgia and Alabama.
Professor Caine was a partner in the Philadelphia law firm of Wolf, Block, Schorr and Solis-Cohen, specializing in litigation and Antitrust and trying cases on behalf of the American Civil Liberties Union, Philadelphia Resistance, and other civil liberties and anti-war organizations. While practicing law, for many years he taught trial practice at the University of Pennsylvania Law School.
In 1977, Professor Caine came to Temple Law School full-time. In addition to academic pursuits, he acted as General Counsel for the American Civil Liberties Union, Greater Philadelphia Branch, and later served two terms as President. In 2006, he received the ACLU of PA Award for a Lifetime Devoted to Civil Liberties. He served on the Academic Freedom and Church-State Committees of the National ACLU. Professor Caine has made extensive appearances on behalf of ACLU and civil rights generally on TV, radio, in the press, and before legislative committees and other governmental bodies, on a wide range of constitutional issues including Freedom of Speech, Religion, Separation of Church and State, Privacy and Due Process. He served many years on the Middle East Program Committee of the American Friends Service Committee.
Professor Caine was Chair of the Greater Philadelphia Lawyers Committee for Soviet Jewry for a number of years and twice visited the Soviet Union in connection with trials of Soviet dissidents including Natan (Anatoly) Sharansky, subsequently, a minister in the government of Israel. Upon Professor Caine’s initiative, Temple University awarded an honorary degree to Sharansky and Caine delivered the address at the award ceremony.
Since 1983, Burton Caine has lectured on behalf of the United States Government, and others, on topics of Constitutional Law, Civil Liberties, and Antitrust, in India, Nepal, New Zealand, the Philippines, Taiwan, Thailand, Lesotho, Zambia, Kenya, Liberia, France, Mauritius, Bangladesh, Japan, Korea, Germany, Norway, Columbia, Israel, The People’s Republic of China, Australia, Argentina, Lithuania, and Okinawa. In 1986, he lectured to the Committee of the Philippines legislature drafting a constitution for that country. In 2001, Caine debated the death penalty on national TV in China. In 2003 and 2005, he lectured to future leaders of the Communist Party in China and others on civil liberties under the U.S. Constitution.
Professor Caine is currently Chair of the Board of Directors of Americans for Religious Liberty, and on its behalf has urged removal of the Ten Commandments from government buildings and grounds.
Professor Caine has written extensively on various subjects of Constitutional Law and Civil Liberties in the United States, USSR, Israel and other countries. His article urging First Amendment protection for “fighting words” was cited by the Israel Supreme Court in a decision in 2006, and American scholars subsequently. His article Judicial Review, Democracy v. Constitutionality which appeared in the Temple Law Review, has been reprinted by the government and circulated throughout the world. He has also written on new interpretations of significant stories in the Hebrew Bible.
Professor Caine was Director of Israel Program from 1978-2005, a cooperative venture of Temple Law School and Tel Aviv University Faculty of Law. Through the Program, he endeavored to further the peace process in the Middle East by conducting symposia in Tel Aviv, New York, Philadelphia, Washington, and Boca Raton, featuring diplomats of Egypt, Jordan, the United States, the Palestinian Authority, and Israel, as well as distinguished academicians in the field. In addition to many trips, Professor Caine has traveled to Cairo and Amman, under the auspices of the Council on US-Arab Relations, and he was invited to participate in a study tour of university professors in Saudi Arabia and Qatar.
In 1982, Professor Caine lectured at Tel Aviv University Faculty of Law in Hebrew on Freedom of Expression. On several occasions, he has lectured before judges in Israel on a variety of topics in American Constitutional Law. In 1991, he taught at Temple University Japan and laid the groundwork for Temple’s semester abroad program in Tokyo. In 2001, 2003, and 2005, he taught in the Temple Law School Program for Chinese graduate students in Beijing. In 2006, he taught First Amendment to Israeli students at Tel Aviv University Faculty of Law, and lectured in Hebrew at the University and Hebrew University of Jerusalem.
In 2002, Professor Caine was selected as the American moderator in an on-line forum on Freedom of Expression in the Information Age under the auspices of the French National Commission for UNESCO. The forum culminated in a conference in Paris at which he received special distinction.